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Last updated Jan. 20, 2020
No knock warrants
North Dakota has not yet enacted a law eliminating the use of no-knock warrants.
North Dakota has not yet enacted a law ending its participation in programs that facilitate the transfer of military weapons from the federal government to police departments.
Military style training
North Dakota has not yet enacted a law refocusing training away from self-defense responses and towards community centered training like that offered by Blue Courage. North Dakota has a “partial training waiver for U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps-trained military police personnel who want to become North Dakota law enforcement officers.” Many of the skills required of military police translate well to civilian police forces, and ex-military police often become some of the best officers in civilian forces. However, applicants receive two weeks of training to transition from a military mentality to a mentality appropriate for civilian settings.
North Dakota has not yet enacted a law requiring the recording and cataloging of SWAT team use.
Civil asset forfeiture
In 2019, North Dakota Gov. Doug Burgum (R) signed HB 1286. This legislation requires police officers to obtain a conviction in order to keep seized property in most cases. Exceptions to this rule still exist.
North Dakota has not yet enacted a law ending quotas for low-level arrests.
Cost of misconduct
North Dakota has not yet enacted a law requiring police departments (not state/local general funds) to cover the cost of misconduct.
In 2019, North Dakota Gov. Doug Burgum (R) signed into law the decriminalization of the possession of small amounts of cannabis. Other minor offenses such as loitering and spitting remain criminalized.
Objective justification for stops
North Dakota has not yet enacted a law requiring officers to establish objective justification for making a stop (i.e. not simply for furtive movement, suspicious activity, or matching a generalized description).
Reporting stop details
North Dakota has not yet enacted a law requiring comprehensive reporting of police stops (noting location, race, gender, whether force was used and whether a firearm was found).
Reckless civil rights violation
North Dakota has not yet enacted a law lowering the prosecution requirement from ‘willful’ to ‘reckless’ deprivation of another’s rights.
North Dakota has not yet enacted a law institutionalizing an independent prosecutor within the state’s Department of Justice for instances of police misconduct. In the six years from 2008 to 2014, only one officer from the North Dakota Bureau of Criminal Investigation was disciplined because the department has practically no external oversight.
North Dakota has not yet enacted a law ending qualified immunity.
Mental health response
Starting in 2019, the North Dakota Department of Human Services began implementing a 24-7 mental health crisis response team. The trial run was launched in Bismarck, and has now expanded to cover every county in North Dakota. Furthermore, anyone in crisis can call 211 and be connected with a mental health professional in the area.
Education, Housing, Community Health Resources
It is important to note that policing does not address the roots of social disadvantage and barriers to (economic) opportunity that often lead to crime. Nor should police be burdened with that responsibility.
Without access to quality resources in healthcare, education, and housing, our cities, neighborhoods, and families will continue to suffer. We should instead reassess the budgets of the state government and reinvest in the services that matter most.
No matter what, register to vote:
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Keep emailing about them (if you just finished the 5 Days Challenge, keep up the schedule—set reminders in your phone to email about each issue on its specific day).
To ask for more than this:
Use our templates as a model to ask for bigger changes. Color for Change and The Movement for Black Lives both have specific policy related to a reimagined law enforcement system. If you think there are additional policies we ought to consider, send your thoughts our way.
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