Idaho

What to do here

Click a "Get Template" button to get an email template about a specific issue. Edit the template to connect on a more personal level with your lawmaker. See the Contacting Logistics page for information about how to write an effective email to your lawmakers. Get your lawmakers' emails with the search box to the right. Send the email!

Be sure to check out the Next Steps at the bottom of the page. Go to the References/Further Reading page to see our sources and do some research of your own.

Last updated March 5, 2020

Summary

Key:

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Legislation Achieved

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Some Progress

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No Progress

Demilitarization

Learn about demilitarization and the specific issues below on the Demilitarization page (opens in a new window).

 

No knock warrants

No Progress:

Idaho has not yet enacted a law eliminating the use of no-knock warrants. Locally, the Boise Police Chief has limited the use of no-knock warrants to extreme circumstances. In these situations, an officer will need to get judicial and supervisorial permission before proceeding.

1033 purchases

No Progress:

Idaho has not yet enacted a law ending its participation in programs that facilitate the transfer of military weapons from the federal government to police departments.

Military style training

No Progress:

Idaho has not yet enacted a law refocusing training away from self-defense responses and towards community centered training like that offered by Blue Courage. Idaho police officers are trained in 9 disciplines (Patrol, Detention, Emergency Communications, Corrections, Felony Probation and Parole, Adult Misdemeanor Probation, Juvenile Correction, Juvenile Detention, and Juvenile Probation).

SWAT data

No Progress:

Idaho has not yet enacted a law requiring the recording and cataloging of SWAT team use.

For Profit Policing

Learn about for profit policing and the specific issues below on the For Profit Policing page (opens in a new window).

 

Civil asset forfeiture

Some Progress:

In 2018, Idaho passed a bill with unanimous support that outlines several important standards. The bill requires agencies to report if they charged the owners when seizing property, if seized property was returned or forfeited, and the value of the forfeited property. Additionally, the bill bans vehicle forfeitures based on nothing more than minor drug possession. Thirdly, the bill sets up a “replevin” process to allow owners to use their property while the forfeiture case was ongoing (excluding items taken for evidence). Finally, the bill allows courts to reject or reduce forfeitures that are excessive and disproportionate.
However, police departments can still own 100% of the seized property, the burden of proof is still on the property's owner to prove their innocence, and property can be seized without a criminal conviction.

Quotas

No Progress:

Idaho has not yet enacted a law ending quotas for low-level arrests.

Cost of misconduct

No Progress:

Idaho has not yet enacted a law requiring police departments (not state general funds) to cover the cost of misconduct.

Broken Windows Policing

Learn about broken windows policing and the specific issues below on the Broken Windows Policing page (opens in a new window).

 

Minor offenses

No Progress:

Idaho has not yet enacted a law decriminalizing minor offenses that do not threaten public safety such as spitting and loitering. Most minor offenses are enforced and prioritized at the local level. However, jaywalking is allowed so long as pedestrians yield to traffic.

Objective justification for stops

No Progress:

Idaho has not yet enacted a law requiring officers to establish objective justification for making a stop. Officers only need 'reasonable suspicion' to make a stop.

Reporting stop details

No Progress:

Idaho has not yet enacted a law requiring comprehensive reporting of police stops (noting location, race, gender, whether force was used and whether a firearm was found).

Accountability

Learn about accountability and the specific issues below on the Accountability page (opens in a new window).

 

Reckless civil rights violation

No Progress:

Idaho has not yet enacted a law lowering the prosecution requirement from ‘willful’ to ‘reckless’ deprivation of another’s rights.

Independent investigation

No Progress:

Idaho has not yet enacted a law institutionalizing an independent prosecutor within the state’s Department of Justice for instances of police misconduct. While Boise and some regions like the Southeast have independent offices to investigate when an officer discharges a firearm, there is no state level office that ensures independent investigation uniformity across Idaho. The Attorney General only gets involved in extremely high level cases of police shootings.

Qualified immunity

No Progress:

Idaho has not yet enacted a law ending qualified immunity.

Reinvesting in Communities

Learn about reinvesting in communities and the specific issues below on the Reinvesting in Communities page (opens in a new window).

 

Mental health response

No Progress:

Idaho has not yet enacted a law creating and funding a mental health task force available to respond to crisis calls (in lieu of police). Mobile Crisis Units that send social workers either independently or with a police officer to respond to a mental health call exist in pockets around the state, but Idaho neither mandates their existence nor requires any mental health response alternative in its cities. Locally, Boise officers must undergo 40 hours of Crisis Intervention Training.

Education, Housing, Community Health Resources

No Progress:

It is important to note that policing does not address the roots of social disadvantage and barriers to (economic) opportunity that often lead to crime. Nor should police be burdened with that responsibility.
Without access to quality resources in healthcare, education, and housing, our cities, neighborhoods, and families will continue to suffer. We should instead reassess the budgets of the state government and reinvest in the services that matter most.

Next Steps

No matter what, register to vote:

Contacting officials is just one piece of the puzzle we can't stop there. We need to make sure our elected officials reflect our values and support reform at every level of government. Register here:

To keep these policies at the forefront:

Keep emailing about them (if you just finished the 5 Days Challenge, keep up the schedule—set reminders in your phone to email about each issue on its specific day).

To ask for more than this:

Use our templates as a model to ask for bigger changes. Color for Change and The Movement for Black Lives both have specific policy related to a reimagined law enforcement system. If you think there are additional policies we ought to consider, send your thoughts our way.

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